Europe to Lead RE Cost Reductions for Offshore Wind Through 2028

The levelised cost of energy (LCOE) in Europe for bottom-fixed offshore wind will fall from an average of USD 133/MWh in 2019 to USD 51/MWh in 2028

Europe Offshore Wind

Europe’s levelised cost of energy (LCOE) for bottom-fixed offshore wind will fall from an average of USD 133/MWh in 2019 to USD 51/MWh in 2028, according to new research. The research details that Europe will continue to lead its regional counterparts for power generation cost over the next decade.

Wood Mackenzie forecasts a reduction below power prices in mature offshore wind markets, such as Germany, the UK and Netherlands, once we hit 2023.

The US is expected to experience the steepest learning curve and will reach Chinese LCOE levels of USD 57/MWh by 2028. Due to the low-wind speed and challenging site characteristics, LCOE in the emerging markets of Asia, excluding China, will stay above the grid parity in the next decade.

Globally, LCOE is expected to sit at an average of USD 66/MWh by the end of the next decade, halving from USD 132/MWh in 2019.

Technological advancements and innovations, especially next-generation wind turbines, are expected to be among the main drivers of cost reduction. These will mitigate increasing cost pressures from the steep drop in bid prices and growth in exposure to merchant risk.

“Next-generation wind turbine technology has an increased energy capture capability, with higher hub height, a better power curve, and more efficient turbine control system. The growing turbine size, along with innovations across the balance of plant segments and offshore transmission assets, will counter challenging site characteristics and immature local supply chains in emerging markets.

“Offshore wind turbine sizes are expected to reach 20MW in the next ten years. Leading Western developers have already filed permits to use a 20 MW turbine for projects in the UK and Sweden.

“A clear and stable regulatory framework provides a clear and sustainable roadmap for offshore wind deployment. Moreover, the introduction of tender schemes is increasing competition among LCOE developers, which, in turn, serves as a catalyst for LCOE reduction,” said Shimeng Yang, Wood Mackenzie Senior Research Analyst and lead author on the report.

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Ayush Verma

Ayush is a staff writer at and writes on renewable energy with a special focus on solar and wind. Prior to this, as an engineering graduate trying to find his niche in the energy journalism segment, he worked as a correspondent for