India has emerged as the market leader with the lowest renewable energy cost in the Asia Pacific region.
According to data furnished in a new report, India has emerged as the market leader with the lowest renewable energy cost in the Asia Pacific region.
The report “Battle for the future: Asia Pacific renewable power competitiveness 2019” by consultancy firm Wood Mackenzie power and renewables revealed that the levelised cost of electricity (LCOE) using solar photovoltaic (PV) in India has fallen to US$38 (Rs 2,617) per megawatt-hour (MWh) this year, 14 percent cheaper than coal-fired power, traditionally the cheapest source of power generation
Wood Mackenzie research director Alex Whitworth said “India is the second-largest power market in the Asia Pacific with an installed power capacity of 421 gigawatts (GW). Solar capacity is expected to reach 38 GW this year. High-quality solar resources, market scale and competition have pushed solar costs down to half the level seen in many other Asia Pacific countries.”
The report further reveals that runner-up Australia will see solar costs – which are already competitive against gas power – breaking through the coal-fired power price barrier. Solar LCOE has fallen 42% in the past three years and will reach US$48/MWh in 2020, beating out all fossil fuel competitors.
Whitworth added that “maintaining grid stability and reducing curtailment of intermittent generation has been a recurring challenge in Australia. Energy storage is one of the key options available to help balance power demand and keep an uninterrupted supply.
While solar costs are falling across the region, the average LCOE for wind and solar in the Asia Pacific are still 29% higher than coal-fired power. And the firm forecasts that this premium will disappear by 2027, greatly increasing direct competition between renewables and coal.
By 2030, renewable power will have a discount to coal-fired power of around 17% on average across the region. Malaysia, Indonesia and Japan will be the only countries with higher renewable LCOE compared to coal.
Whitworth said “we are living through a revolution in the costs of renewable power technology. Lower costs will boost wind and solar generation’s share of the power mix from the current 6% to a much higher level in the coming years. This will create both opportunities and disruption in the industry.”