Power Ministry Puts Phase-1 Of Emission Control Gear On Hold Basis IIT Report

Highlights :

  • The Power Ministry has been quite helpful in implementing pollution management methods in selected energy crops to examine the benefits before rolling out the predicted 2 lakh crore of funding in all initiatives that would raise electrical energy rates.

The Indian Power Ministry has been effectively implementing pollution management methods (emission control) in selected energy crops to examine the benefits before rolling out the predicted 2 lakh crore of funding in all initiatives that would raise electrical energy rates.

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The government has indicated that the application of Flue-gas desulfurization (FGD) techniques increases carbon dioxide emissions. This observation is based on studies conducted by IIT Delhi and the Central Electrical Energy Authority (CEA). FGD (Flue-gas desulfurization) tools reduce toxic sulfur dioxide emissions.

It has since been advised that only 4,430 MW worth thermal stations in sensitive zones be upgraded in the first stage.

Energy crops in cities with populations of more than one million must meet emission standards by December 2022, according to current requirements. Others have a deadline of December 2023 or December 2024.

The Power Ministry has advocated learning the efficiency of FGDs in the first segment for at least 12 months to evaluate the benefits versus the effect of increased greenhouse gas emissions while setting timeframes for the subsequent phases.

According to the most recent information, the cost of implementing FGD is as much as 1.4 crores per MW, implying a 2 lakh crore investment for 200 GW energy crops, which could raise the electrical energy bill by 0.71 per unit.

The IIT Delhi-CEA study revealed that when FGD was installed, SO2 levels in the air reduced by up to 65-85% within a 10-40 km radius of the chimney.

“However, FGD tools emit an equal amount of CO2 (Emission Control) to neutralize SO2. “FGD will also raise auxiliary energy use, resulting in more coal consumption,” a government official claimed.

“FGD also causes a reduction in sulfate aerosols (SO4) in the upper atmosphere, which has a cooling effect.” According to the IIT Delhi study, “the ambient temperature can be raised as a result of CO2 era and SO4 discount.”

According to another CEA study, locations near 4,430 MW of coal-fired capabilities had extremely high annual common SO2 ranges. SO2 levels were high in areas around 21 models with 5200-MW capacity.

It was determined that no movement is required for crops located in different places because the SO2 level in the ambient air of those areas might be very low, and according to CPCB, the air quality is good in terms of SO2.

“IIT Delhi has very helpful graded motion strategy for implementing FGDs for tolerating higher sulfur emission discount applied sciences without additional carbon dioxide emission,” Central Government official said.

IIT Delhi has been instrumental in the implementation of Part 1 from now until July 2025, Part 2 from July 2026 to July 2029, and Part 3 from July 2029 to July 2031. Between July 2021 and July 2034, the fourth and fifth phases could be implemented.

The CEA has claimed that because the instruments have restrictions, it will take the country 14 years to install pollution management tools in all of its coal-fired power plants. Nonetheless, the environment ministry is mulling over a two-year extension till 2026.

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