Woodmac Predicts Low Solar Achievement Rates for India By 2030

Highlights :

  • China will continue to account for over 60 percent of Solar deployment in Asia.
  • Distributed solar, Green Hydrogen will be key demand drivers in some time.

Market Research firm Wood Mackenzie (Woodmac) says that Asia Pacific solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity could triple to 1,500 gigawatts (GW) by 2030.  

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China To Remain Leader  

Even as China will remain leader in the region, woodmac says low completion rates in India mean the country will miss its 100 GW solar target for 2022, besides adding just 138 GW to 2030. China, on the other hand, could be adding 619 GW of solar PV capacity over this decade to 2030. The country’s strong policy push and ambitious solar targets mean it will contribute over 60% of Asia Pacific’s solar PV capacity by 2030. 

India story Hobbled By Corona

For India, rebounding from an installation decline due to the coronavirus pandemic in 2020-21, the numbers do seem based on market reality, although recent events, be it Reliance’s entry into the sector, or a green hydrogen policy that is coming through slowly, might yet change the trajectory of India’s growth.

Ranks 3 to 5

Japan and South Korea will follow as third and fourth to install 63 GW and 58 GW, respectively, in the next 10 years. However, high costs have caused a slowdown in new additions in Japan, while South Korea shows the opposite trend. Still, Japan continues to have one of the highest solar PV penetrations in power generation, growing to 13% share by 2030. 

Coming in at fifth, Vietnam will add 45 GW of solar PV capacity this decade. Feed-in tariffs (FiT) in the country has succeeded in stimulating 5.5 GW and 13.8 GW solar installation in 2019 and 2020, respectively. This outstanding record also made Vietnam the largest solar market in Southeast Asia since 2019. However, installation is expected to slow in the next five years, and then gradually pick up due to the gap between subsidy phase-out and economical grid parity. 

“By 2030, Vietnam will have the second highest solar PV penetration in power generation in the region. At 15% share of its total power generation, Vietnam is second only to Australia and will lead Japan,” said Xin Zhang, Woodmac consultant. 

Key Solar Drivers- Distributed Solar, Green Hydrogen

While not as aggressive as other Asia Pacific markets in solar PV capacity expansion, Australia can expect 23 GW of solar PV additions this decade. The country’s state level renewables target, and green hydrogen potential could drive its solar PV penetration in power generation to over 20% by 2030, making it the highest in the region. 

“Policies are evolving to overcome market barriers, enabling Asia Pacific’s solar generation share to grow from 4% in 2020 to 10% in 2030,” commented Zhang. 

Wood Mackenzie expects Indonesia to become the fastest growing solar PV market in Asia Pacific over this decade. Growing from a low base of 0.3 GW, the country’s solar PV capacity could expand over 28-fold to 8.5 GW by 2030. 

The Asian Development Bank’s US$600 million loan in 2020 to help Indonesia’s state-owned power company PLN expand electricity access and promote renewable energy in eastern Indonesia, lower distributed solar fees, market reforms, and renewables targets are expected to drive the country’s solar PV capacity growth. 

By 2030, 51% of new installs in the top 10 Asia Pacific solar PV markets will be distributed solar due to land constraints and improving competitiveness against rising tariffs. China, with strong national policy and lower tariffs, besides enough barren land in the North and North West of the country  leads utility-scale deployments, which account for 53% of its total capacity additions this decade. Outside China, distributed solar is a more popular option, accounting for over 60% of solar PV new-build installations in the region. 

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