Colombia Renewable Capacity to Reach 5.9 GW by 2030, Coal Still on the Rise

According to a new report, the installed capacity of renewable power in Colombia is expected to rise from 2% in 2018 to 21% by 2030 to reach 5.9 GW

Colombia Renewable Capacity 2030

According to a new report, the installed capacity of renewable power in Colombia is expected to rise from 2 percent in 2018 to 14 percent in 2025, with a further rise to 21 percent by 2030. Renewable capacity in the country is slated to increase fivefold to reach 5.9 gigawatts (GW) at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 24.4 percent. This projected growth can be attributed to new government policies facilitating funds for renewable energy projects, energy efficiency measures and the announcement of renewable energy auctions in 2018.

However, the report Colombia Power Market Outlook to 2030, Update 2019 – Market Trends, Regulations and Competitive Landscape“, by research agency GlobalData also revealed that the country’s coal-based capacity will also increase by 43 percent between 2018 and 2030 to reach 2.4 GW while gas-based power will contribute 14 percent of total capacity.

Renewable energy and energy efficiency projects will handle the demand side management in the near future. The country’s onshore wind capacity is expected to increase from 19.5 megawatt (MW) in 2018 to 3.4 GW in 2030, representing the country’s largest growth among its renewable sources. Solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity is expected to reach 1.7 GW in 2030 from 172.6 MW in 2019 at 23 percent CAGR, while the biopower segment will see growth of 7 percent CAGR to reach 719 MW. To date, Colombia does not have any installed geothermal capacity but it is expected to have 50 MW installed by 2024, leading to 115 MW capacity in 2030 growing at 15 percent CAGR.”

Arkapal Sil, Power Industry Analyst at GlobalData, said “renewable capacity addition will open up new markets for wind turbines, including modules for solar plants and associated equipment required for transmitting generated power to the grid.”

Colombia’s Generation and Transmission Expansion Plan 2015-2029 is expected to accommodate high volumes of renewable energy in the near future. The anticipated grid expansion and modernisation of 4.2 GW to 6.7 GW, which is aimed to support 1 GW coal and 1.5 GW hydro, will involve huge investment in the grid infrastructure industry. This, in turn, is likely to open up new markets for energy storage and energy efficiency systems to enable a steady supply of power when adequate renewable energy is unavailable.

“Colombia’s over dependence on hydropower is a big challenge, with growing power consumption and declining power exports during drought years, which are now occurring frequently. As a result thermal power, especially gas-based power, will play a significant role in Colombia’s power generation mix and cater to the country’s base-load power to 2030,” Sil concludes.

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Ayush Verma

Ayush is a staff writer at and writes on renewable energy with a special focus on solar and wind. Prior to this, as an engineering graduate trying to find his niche in the energy journalism segment, he worked as a correspondent for