723 GW of New Wind Capacity Expected in the Next Decade : WoodMac

Wood Mackenzie Power and Renewables ‘Global Wind Power Market Outlook Update: Q1 2019’ report predicts the additions of nearly 723 GW of new wind capacity in the decade leading up to 2028.

723 GW Wind WoodMac

According to the report, 50.2GW of new wind power was added globally in 2018, a 4% increase Year on Year (YoY) and the third highest annual total on record.

Commenting on the research, Luke Lewandowski, Wood Mackenzie Power & Renewables Research Director, said: “This significant level of investment seen last year was largely driven by a resurgence in China. The lifting of red warnings in key Northern provinces in China unlocked development, contributing to a 37% uptick YoY in the country (+5.6GW), that influenced nearly 2GW of net capacity additions globally last year.

“The expiration of legacy subsidy programs in Europe tempered YoY gains in China, with countries in Northern Europe (-26% YoY) and Western Europe (-36% YoY) hit the hardest as the RO (UK) and FiTs (Finland and Germany) phased out.”

Key Highlights:

1. Explosive Growth in Asia-Pacific Lead by India and China

Aggressive renewables targets in India and explosive growth in the offshore sector are expected to drive a 10-year CAGR of 12.2% in the Asia Pacific, excluding China. “Target compliance in India is likely to bifurcate the next decade’s outlook, with near-term challenges posing issues for the 2020 target. Cumulative offshore capacity in the region will reach almost 19GW from just 111MW at the end of 2018, led by growth in Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea.

“China’s market recovery will continue, as additional provinces in the north work to lift red warnings, supporting 250GW of capacity through to 2028. The annual share of offshore wind in China will average 18% of annual capacity from 2022 to 2028, as a result of onshore grid constraints and saturation,” added Lewandowski.

2. Offshore Wind at the Heart of Europe’s Growth Outlook

The transition to auctions in Europe will support a new level of annual capacity additions, with the region expected to average 20GW annually.

The proliferation of C&I demand across Europe offers an increasingly important buyer segment for onshore and offshore wind. “Offshore remains central to Europe’s outlook, comprising more than 25% of new capacity over the outlook (CAGR of 14%) and penetrating new markets in Southern and Eastern Europe,” said Lewandowski.

As noted in the report, pioneering development in the Middle East and Africa will spur consistent YoY growth and 10-year CAGRs of 35% and 21%, respectively.

3. All Eyes on the U.S. and Latin America

As noted in the report, the U.S. wind industry is expected to shift fully into execution mode from 2019-2021 in order to fulfill PTC ambitions. During this timeframe, and the firm expects 48% of the U.S. 10-year outlook to come online. “Mitigation strategies to be employed against execution risk and robust C&I demand both support near-term expectations, while the strengthening of state-level targets and innovation will drive long-term development,” he added.

2019 saw a challenging start for Latin America, as unfavourable dynamics unfolded in Mexico and no awards were given in Colombia’s inaugural auction. Discussing the wind market in Latin America, he said: “The cancellation of Mexico’s long-term auction and a critical HVDC line stymie growth potential puts a greater emphasis on the maturation of developing markets, several of which lack a schedule for the next round of auctions. Despite these challenges, the region boasts a 10-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of more than 10%.”

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Ayush Verma

Ayush is a staff writer at saurenergy.com and writes on renewable energy with a special focus on solar and wind. Prior to this, as an engineering graduate trying to find his niche in the energy journalism segment, he worked as a correspondent for iamrenew.com.